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Quickstart

Tip

If you're want to quickly see what Contember can do, check out our Headless CMS template. It's the easiest way to try out what Contember can do in minutes.

Create new project with Contember

In this tutorial we will show you how to setup both Contember Engine and Contember Admin to create your first project.

Prerequisites
npm exec "@contember/[email protected]" quickstart

It will create a new folder with basic Contember setup. After it is done:

cd quickstart

And then install dependencies:

npm install

And you're ready to go. Just start Docker containers and Contember will be running.

npm start

Now, administration UI should be running on address http://localhost:1480.

administration is running

Started services

For advanced use-cases there is also:

Create first project

From the first step you should have a folder structure that looks like this:

quickstart/
├── admin/
│ ├── components/
│ ├── pages/
│ ├── .env
│ ├── index.html
│ ├── index.tsx
│ └── vite-env.d.ts
├── api/
│ ├── migrations/
│ ├── model/
│ ├── acl.ts
│ └── index.ts
├── docker/
├── node_modules/
├── docker-compose.yaml
├── package.json
├── package-lock.json
└── tsconfig.json

Create your first data model

First you have to tell Contember Engine, how your data model looks like. The init command automatically created api/model/index.ts file, so go there.

Here you start defining your project schema. Really simple example looks like this:

api/model/index.ts
import { SchemaDefinition as def } from '@contember/schema-definition'

export class Article {
title = def.stringColumn()
content = def.stringColumn()
}
  1. Import SchemaDefinition so you'll get TypeScript autocompletion.
  2. Define your first entity - Article. For this example let's just add two columns named title and content, both are string.

Then you need to generate a database migration for Contember Engine:

npm run contember migrations:diff quickstart add-article
Contember CLI

npm run contember is a Contember CLI, if you call this without any arguments you'll see all the available commands. We'll use migrations:diff command. It goes through your schema and generates migration - instructions for Contember how to get from previous state to your new one. This command needs two parameters: first is name of your project (quickstart in our example) and then name your migration. It can be anything you want.

Run this command and choose an option Yes and execute immediately. It will create your migration and after confirmation execute it. Now if you would look into your database, you would see there a table article with three columns: id, title, content. Nice.

Create your administration UI

Now we have something we want to edit in UI. Let's start by adding a listing page for our articles.

Add listing page

Go to admin/pages and create new file articleList.tsx.

admin/pages/articleList.tsx
import * as React from 'react'
import { DataGridPage, TextCell } from '@contember/admin'

export default () => (
<DataGridPage entities="Article" rendererProps={{ title: 'Articles' }}>
<TextCell field="title" header="Title" />
</DataGridPage>
)
  1. Import @contember/admin package for TypeScript autocompletion.
  2. Export page component as default export.
  3. Use DataGridPage component to show the data in a simple datagrid.
  4. Tell it which entities you'd like to edit. In our case it's Article (it has to be the same name we used in the model).
  5. Use TextCell to add text column.

If you go to localhost:1480/article-list you'll see list of your articles. Which is empty as we didn't add any data there yet.

Let's add some data.

Add create page

admin/pages/articleCreate.tsx
import * as React from 'react'
import { CreatePage, RichTextField, TextField } from '@contember/admin'

export default () => (
<CreatePage entity="Article" rendererProps={{ title: 'Create Article' }}>
<TextField field="title" label="Title" />
<RichTextField field="content" label="Content" />
</CreatePage>
)
  1. We'll create a new file named articleCreate.tsx.
  2. This time we'll use CreatePage component.
  3. We'll tell it what we want to add (Article).
  4. We'll use two new components - TextField and RichTextField and tell them what fields to edit.

Now at localhost:1480/article-create you can create new article. And if you go to the list of articles you'll see the data are there.

But it doesn't work very well. One of the things missing is to go to edit mode after you created a new article. So let's start by adding an edit page:

Add edit page

We'll create a new page named articleEdit. It looks almost the same as the create page - but we have to tell it which article to edit:

admin/pages/articleEdit.tsx
import * as React from 'react'
import { EditPage, RichTextField, TextField } from '@contember/admin'

export default () => (
<EditPage entity="Article(id = $id)" rendererProps={{ title: 'Edit Article' }}>
<TextField field="title" label="Title" />
<RichTextField field="content" label="Content" />
</EditPage>
)

Let's use it. We'll redirect users from our create page to the edit page after the article is successfully created:

admin/pages/articleCreate.tsx
import * as React from 'react'
import { CreatePage, RichTextField, TextField } from '@contember/admin'

export default () => (
<CreatePage
entity="Article"
rendererProps={{ title: 'Create Article' }}
redirectOnSuccess="articleEdit(id: $entity.id)"
>
<TextField field="title" label="Title" />
<RichTextField field="content" label="Content" />
</CreatePage>
)

This is done with redirectOnSuccess prop where we specify link to page where user should be redirected.

Now if you create a new article you're automatically redirected to the edit page.

What's missing is an edit and delete button in the list of pages.

admin/pages/articleList.tsx
import * as React from 'react'
import { DataGridPage, DeleteEntityButton, GenericCell, Link, TextCell } from '@contember/admin'

export default () => (
<DataGridPage entities="Article" rendererProps={{ title: 'Articles' }}>
<TextCell field="title" header="Title" />
<GenericCell shrunk><Link to="articleEdit(id: $entity.id)">Edit</Link></GenericCell>
<GenericCell shrunk><DeleteEntityButton immediatePersist /></GenericCell>
</DataGridPage>
)
  1. We've added two GenericCell.
  2. First with Link component targeting articleEdit page and passing id as parameter.
  3. Second with delete button provided by DeleteEntityButton.
  4. Minor touch is use of shrunk with tells the cell to be as small as possible.

Add pages to side menu

One last thing is to add our pages to the left sidebar:

admin/components/Navigation.tsx
import * as React from 'react'
import { Menu } from '@contember/admin'

export const Navigation = () => (
<Menu>
<Menu.Item>
<Menu.Item title="Dashboard" to="index" />
<Menu.Item title="Articles" to="articleList" />
<Menu.Item title="Create new article" to="articleCreate" />
</Menu.Item>
</Menu>
)

And that's it! You have just created a simple data model and created custom interface, so you can edit the data.

administration is running

Fetch data via GraphQL API

We recommend reading Content API topic however if you're looking to quickly play with the API, we've prepared Insomnia project for you to import and quickly try it out. To use it download it here and just drag&drop it to Insomnia.